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The Kashkadarya district is located in the south of Uzbekistan, occupying the Kashkadarya
river basin and western slopes of Pamir-Alay mountains. Total area 28 400 square kilometers.
Climate here is continental and dry, in places subtropical. Population includes above two million people, majority of which inhabits the agricultural areas. The district includes 14 administrative regions with a center in Karshi city population of which makes up around 177 000 people.
Cities including Shakhrisabz, Kitab, Khasan, Murabek, Yakkabad, Guzar and Kamashi
are the largest centers of the district. Karshi, Shakhrisabs are tourist centers of the district.
There is one very interesting legend about the origin of city\'s name,
according to which many years ago on the spot of Karshi there was a beautiful village called Nasif. It was not big town, and had only one castle ruled by Makhmud Ratshakh. He lived there with his family and they have been very happy all together. But one day, the army of Ruzokovski attacked the castle.
The battle took place for some days but the army could not conquer the castle. Then Ruzokovski announced: “The castle is against us. I\'ll name it ”Karshi” that in Uzbek means “against”.
The ancient city of Karshi goes back to a town, the remainders of which are located 10 kilometers north from the present-day Karshi and known as Yerkurgan. Originally in the 7th century BC the city was enclosed with a wall. The remainders of that wall were found in 1999.
In the 6th century BC the city was enclosed with new wall that is preserved to this day at 8-meters height. In the early centuries Yerkurgan was a part of powerful Kushan Empire.
That period was characterized by development of trade and home-industry.
The ruins of monumental public and ceremonial constructions stand out among
the architectural buildings studied in Yerkurgan. One of the earliest constructions
is two-stage dakhma the original construction for a funeral ceremony of Zoroasters.
The town cult complex temple with murals, sculptures and article of jeweler\'s art,
were found and studied in the center of Yerkurgan. Scientists and researchers believe
that Yerkurgan murals are one of the earliest specimens of monumental art, which are
older than famous murals of Samarkand and Varakhsha.
During the excavations the palace of the Yerkurgan ruler was also found, demonstrating
the ancient traditions of the middle Asian architecture. Moreover, the monumental museum
of the 3rd-4th centuries with funeral sculptures, gold rings resembling traditional so-called
payment Kharona used in the Middle Asia after the Hellenic period were found by architecture.
The excavations of the south-eastern part of the town area revealed complexes,
consisting of living and production areas dated from the 2nd century BC 7-8th century AD.
Besides, ceramic material including bowls pots, jugs, archaeologists have found iron
and bronze articles, articles made of bones, beads, terracotta statuettes and coins.
The study of Yerkurgan made it possible to see goldware being a part of adornment of festive attire.
A city set in emerald green foothills, the old centre of folk art, embroidery and ceramics,
motherland of Amir Temur Shakhrisabz was placed by the decision of UNESCO on the list
of world heritage memorials demonstrating to the world the ancient values of the land, its greatness and beauty.
Shakhrisabz a 2700-year-old city is located at the foot of the Zarafshan and Gissar mountain ridges.
Amir Temur, despite being the creator of a vast empire, shrouded in glory and success,
always returned to his beloved Shakhrisabz, the place of his childhood and youth,
a peaceful haven where his father Taragay, his spiritual mentor Shamsaddin Kulal,
and older brothers Jakhongir and Omar Sheikh have been buried.
Shakhrisabz became the second capital of the great country he ruled.
Shakhrisabz, called “Kesh” in the Middle Ages also known as ancient “Nautaka” carried epithet “Dilkesh” (“Kesh” means heart-pleasing), Qubbat al-eleem va al-adab” (the dome of science and education). Shakhrisabz is translated as “green hill” in reference to the lush nature generated by the area\'s continental climate.
When we talk about Shakhrisabz, we always imagine an evergreen city, clean sky surrounded
by the high Gissar mountain ridge. Since time immemorial this city has been famous for its skilled craftspeople whose traditions are still alive. The famous embroiders carpets, tyubeteikas (traditional hats), suzane are known far beyond its borders.
Ak-Saray Palace is obvious evidence of the city\'s former glory, its architecture and interior
decoration impressed all ambassadors, famous religious teachers and scientists visiting
Shakhrisabz from all over the world. Here ministers and businessmen from Castile, Genoa,
Visanti, Egypt, China and a variety of other countries were received and entertained.
Some of the artifacts that have been preserved from Ak-Saray Palace are unsurpassed masterpieces of ornamental mosaic.
Modern Shakhrisabz is historical and cultural centre of Kashkadarya oasis with legendary past and great future.


  • Ak-Sarai Palace (14 c.)
  • Dorus-Siadat Memorial Complex (14 c.)
  • Doruttilyavat Complex (14 c.)
  • Kok-Gumbaz Mosque (15 c.)